1715 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
1752 - The Liberty Bell arrives in Philadelphia.
1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground metro in North America.
1914 - St. Petersburg, Russia changes its name to Petrograd.
1972 - In Reykjavík, Iceland, American Bobby Fischer beats Russian Boris Spassky and becomes the world chess champion.
1711 - William IV, Prince of Orange (d. 1759)
1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck, German composer (d. 1921)
1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs, American writer (d. 1950)
1922 - Yvonne De Carlo, Canadian-born actress (d. 2007)
1923 - Rocky Marciano, American boxer (d. 1969)
1933 - Ann W. Richards, American politician (d. 2006)
1935 - Seiji Ozawa, Japanese conductor
1939 - Lily Tomlin, American actress and comedian
1950 - Dr. Phil, American talk show host
1955 - Bruce Foxton, English bassist (The Jam)
1957 - Gloria Estefan, Cuban singer
1962 - Ruud Gullit, Dutch footballer
1962 - Tony Cascarino, English footballer
1067 - Baldwin V of Flanders
1256 - Kujo Yoritsune, Japanese shogun (b. 1218)
1581 - Guru Ram Das, fourth Sikh Guru (b. 1534)
1715 - King Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
1967 - Siegfried Sassoon, English poet (b. 1886)
1977 - Ethel Waters, American singer (b. 1896)
2001 - Brian Moore British sports commentator (b. 1932)
Holidays and observances
New Zealand - National R.A.K. (Random Act of Kindness) Day
Russia - Knowledge Day.
Start of the season when oysters are fit to eat (when month names contain an "R").
Start of cold season.